This article reviews the evolution of leader-member exchange theory; examines literature regarding potential effects of gender on quality leader-member exchanges; and discusses implications for practice and future research regarding the role of gender and leader-member exchanges. In general, when dyads were comprised of members of the same gender, they were more likely to report having higher quality LMX. Few studies have examined four dyad combinations (m/m, m/f, f/m f/f) with regard to quality leader-member exchanges. It is recommended that future research examine the role of apparent gender bias in performance evaluations and how this might affect quality leader-member exchanges. Future practice recommendations include the allocation of resources to address the potential relational problems associated with gender and quality leader-member exchanges.