This article documents the progress of gender and Full-Range Leadership literature. Early research findings, while not mentioning Full-Range Leadership explicitly, provide an important foundation for future work. This is followed by an exploration of the research that specifically explores gender and Full-Range Leadership. The article transitions into the world of work where research is focused on the effect of gender, leader style and expectations about effectiveness of leaders, evaluation of leaders and expectations of males and females in the workplace. The confusing findings in this area lead to more research that incorporates contextual variables into the equation. These are explored and ultimately lead to a discussion of what is still not known about gender and leadership. Recommendations for future research and practice are included.